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How to get started with HTML and CSS programming?

Let’s Learn About HTML and CSS for Beginners!

This step-by-step guide will teach you the fundamentals of HTML and how to create your first website. That is, lay out an HTML page, add text and images, add headings and text formatting, and use tables. It will allow you to build your new website and run in minutes rather than hours. 

What exactly is HTML?

  • It helps to know what you’re writing before you start writing HTML. 
  • The majority of websites are written in HTML. 
  • HTML is used to create and make available pages.
  • HTML is an abbreviation for Hyper Text Markup Language.
  • HTML is the markup language for creating Web pages.
  • The structure of a Web page is described in HTML.
  • HTML is made up of several elements.
  • HTML elements instruct the browser on how to display the content. 

A Simple HTML Document

Explanation of the example

  • The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration specifies that this is an HTML5 document.
  • The HTML page’s root element, or the basics, is the <html> element.
  • The <head> element includes metadata about the HTML page.
  • The <title> element specifies an HTML page title (which appears in the browser’s title bar or the page’s tab).
  • The <body> element defines the document’s body and serves as a container for all visible contents, such as headings, paragraphs, images, hyperlinks, tables, lists, and so on.
  • The <h1> element defines a large heading.
  • The <p> element defines a paragraph.

What exactly is an HTML Element?

  • A start tag, your content that is your body, and an end tag define an HTML element.
  • <tagname> Your content is placed here… </tagname>
  • Everything starting from the start tag to the end tag, is an HTML element:
  • For example, your heading elements are to look like this <h1>My Very First Heading </h1>
  • For example, your paragraph elements are to look like this<p>This is my first paragraph.</p>
  • Some HTML elements, such as the <br> element, have no content. These are known as empty elements. 
  • There is no end tag for empty elements.
Start tagElement contentEnd tag
<h1>My first heading</h1>
<p1>My first paragraph</p1>
<br>nonenone

What exactly are tags and attributes?

  • HTML is built on tags and attributes. 
  • They work collaborative but serve different purposes. 
  • It is critical to distinguish them.

What Exactly Are HTML Tags?

  • Tags indicate the beginning of an HTML element and are typically enclosed in angle brackets. 
  • A tag might look like this: <h1>.
  • Most tags must be opened <h1> and closed </h1> to function.

What exactly are HTML Attributes?

  • Attributes include additional information. 
  • Attributes are in the form of an opening tag, with additional information contained within.
  • Here’s an example of an attribute: <img src=”mycat.jpg” alt=”A photo of my cat.”>
  • In this case, the image source (src) and alt text (alt) are tag attributes of the <img> tag.

Remember these fundamental principles.

  • The majority of tags should be opened with (<tag>) and closed (</tag>), with element data such as a title or text resting between the tags.
  • When using multiple tags, they must be closed in the order that opened them. 
  • For example: <strong><em>This is extremely significant!</em></strong>

Web Browsers 

  • A web browser reads HTML documents and displays them correctly.
  • The browser does not display the HTML tags, but they are used to determine how to display the document:

Structure of an HTML Page

  • An example of an HTML page structure is shown below:

What exactly is CSS?

  • Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is used to set up and arrange the layout of a webpage.
  • CSS allows you to control the color, font, font size, spacing between elements, positing of elements and how they are laid out, what background images or colors to use, different displays for different devices and screen sizes, etc.

How will it help you to make your website appealing?

  • CSS is the language used to define the appearance of your website.
  • It is used to add color, images, and textures and to arrange page elements
  • On the other hand, CSS does much more than make a pretty picture. 
  • It is also used to improve a website’s usability.

What makes CSS distinct from HTML?

  • When it comes to CSS, the first thing to understand is when to use a markup language like HTML and when to use CSS, which is a styling language.
CSSHTML
A styling language, such as CSS, should be used to define the presentation of the website’s content.All critical website content should be added using a markup language like HTML.

How is CSS used?

You can add CSS to HTML documents in three ways:

  • Inline – by utilizing the style attribute within HTML elements
  • Internal – by incorporating a <style> element into the <head> section
  • External – linking to an external CSS file with a <link> element.
  • The most common method of adding CSS is to keep the styles in separate CSS files.

Conclusion

You can now improve the HTML skills that you’ve gotten started. It’s fascinating to see what you can do with web pages. To help get you started, there are definitions for all essential terms you may have heard, such as elements, attributes, and others. It also explains how these are used in HTML. You will learn how to structure HTML elements, a typical HTML page, and other important primary language features and how to use CSS to make your website visually appealing.

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